Mental Health Services in Taiwan: A Guide to Different Professionals and Their Roles

In Taiwan, mental health services are provided by various professionals, each offering different types of support. These include psychiatrists, counseling psychologists, clinical psychologists, and social workers. Understanding the roles and services of each can help individuals seek the appropriate assistance for their needs.


Psychiatrists, known as “精神科醫師” or “身心科醫師” in Taiwan, are medical doctors who specialize in mental health. They can diagnose mental illnesses, prescribe medications, and provide treatments such as psychotherapy. They often work with severe mental health conditions like schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depression. As licensed physicians, they can conduct physical examinations and order laboratory tests to rule out other medical conditions.

Counseling Psychologists

Counseling psychologists, referred to as “諮商心理師,” focus on helping individuals with emotional, social, and developmental issues. They provide therapy for problems such as stress, relationship difficulties, and life transitions. Their approach is typically client-centered, emphasizing personal growth and problem-solving skills. They work in various settings, including schools, private practices, and community centers.

Clinical Psychologists

Clinical psychologists, or “臨床心理師,” are trained to assess, diagnose, and treat mental health disorders. They use a variety of techniques, including psychological testing and psychotherapy. Clinical psychologists may work in hospitals, mental health clinics, and private practices, often collaborating with psychiatrists and other healthcare professionals.

Social Workers

Social workers, known as “社會工作師,” provide support that addresses both the emotional and practical needs of individuals. They help clients navigate social services,mental health resources, and provide resources for housing, employment, and financial assistance. Social workers play a critical role in coordinating care and advocating for their clients’ needs, particularly in cases involving social and economic challenges.

In summary, Taiwan’s mental health professionals offer a range of services:

Psychiatrists: Medical diagnosis and treatment of mental illnesses, including medication.

Counseling Psychologists: Therapy for emotional and social issues, focusing on personal growth.

Clinical Psychologists: Assessment and treatment of mental health disorders, often using psychological testing.

Social Workers: Support for both emotional and practical needs, connecting clients with social services.

Each professional plays a vital role in supporting mental health, ensuring that individuals receive comprehensive care tailored to their specific needs. If you’re interested in the services we provide at Realizing Counseling, feel free to contact us via LINE (ID: @realizing)